Rail developments in Egypt and links with Northern Africa region
31 January 2017 • Author(s): Prof. Dr. Khaled Abbas, Former Dean of Egypt National Institute of Transport and Expert at PTA-RTA (Dubai)
In this article for European Railway ReviewProf. Dr. Khaled Abbas, Former Dean of Egypt National Institute of Transport and Expert at PTA-RTA (Dubai), focuses on the mainline railway developments in Egypt and how this is linked to the Northern Africa region. He describes the latest mainline railway projects in Egypt and explores the future for railway transportation in Egypt, whilst highlighting the importance of international corridors, including the Northern Africa link.
Egypt was the second country in the world (after England) to introduce railway services and its first railway line was completed in 1853. Current lines extend to 5,153km or 9,570 track kilometres. These are subdivided into 20km of four-track lines (0.84%); 1,466km of double-track lines (30.64%); and 3,667km of single-track lines (38.32%), as well as 2,891km of station yards and sidings (30.21%). All tracks are compliant with the international 1,435mm standard gauge. Approximately 85% of the lines are controlled with mechanical signalling systems, while 13% are controlled by electrical/electrometrical systems and 2% with the Radio Electronic Token Block (RETB) signalling system.