Turkey - Articles and news items
Issue 1 2015 / 13 February 2015 /
Since 2003, the Turkish government has been paying great importance to investing in the country’s railway system and deeming the mode as being one of the most important aspects of growing sustainable development. Süleyman Karaman, Director General of Turkish State Railways (TCDD), explains that resources have been allocated to the railway sector for high-speed projects, the modernisation of the current system, the development of an advanced railway industry, and for restructuring…
Issue 2 2014 / 11 April 2014 /
On 29 October 2013, an inauguration ceremony took place in Turkey to mark the opening of a rail tunnel beneath the Bosphorus, connecting the European and Asian sides of Istanbul. Part of the wider Marmaray Project, this rail connection is built 60m below sea level and is the world’s deepest immersed tube tunnel and constructed to withstand earthquakes…
Issue 2 2012 / 11 April 2012 /
The history of railways in Turkey can be analysed in four periods. First was the Ottoman Period between 1856 and 1922 when foreigners were granted concessions and 4,136km of railway lines were constructed. Second was the Republic Period between 1923 and 1950 when developments were fast and bright and 3,764km of railway lines were constructed (approximately 134km annually) and the railway transportation share was 68% for passenger and 42% for freight. Third was the Negligence Period between 1950 and 2003 when only 945km of railway lines were constructed in total over the 52 years. The fourth period is from 2003 onwards when the railways were re-granted a well-earned prominence. The main focus of this article shall be the period after 2003.
After 52 years of negligence, railway con – struction in Turkey has considerably increased since 2003. After railway construction was made a state policy, the following four activity points were set:
Issue 2 2011 / 6 April 2011 /
When the worldwide and European Union transportation policies of the last 30-years are analysed, it will be observed that some radical changes have taken place elevating railways to a prioritised position so that the share of railways in the transportation sector increases and a balance between the transportation modes is acquired. In this respect, some effective measures have been taken oriented towards improving the shares of passenger railways and freight transportation to render it competitive with other transportation modes.
Within this framework, some fundamental changes were made to the transportation policies of Turkey and a significant amount of resources was allocated to make railways the ‘priority’ sector.
Issue 2 2010 / 5 April 2010 /
TCDD, Turkish State Railways, is forging ahead with high-speed projects and other infrastructure developments to ensure they continue to provide effective, efficient and up-to-date passenger transportation for their country.
The history of Turkish Railways started with the construction of the I.zmir-Aydın line during the Ottoman period in 1856. During this period, 8,500km of railway lines were constructed and 4,000km of the total length of this network remained within the existing national boundaries.
COSUF – the ITA-Committee on Operational Safety of Underground Facilities, was set-up in May 2005 at the ITA World Tunnel Congress in Istanbul, Turkey. This important step followed a joint initiative of eight European research projects which all aimed at improved tunnel safety after the disastrous fire accidents in various road tunnels in 1999 and the following years.
The Ankara-Istanbul High-Speed Train Project is the first high-speed train line of Turkey and is being realized in two phases – the first being the 251km Sincan-Inönü section and the second being the 158km Inönü-Köseköy section. The 24km Ankara-Sincan and 56km long Köseköy-Gebze sections will be completed by being tendered out separately. The 44km Gebze-H.Paﬂa section has not been included within the scope of the project as it wasn’t included in the scope of Marmaray Project.
ÖBB, The Austrian Federal Railway Company, transports approximately 183.3 million passengers and 90.6 million tons of freight traffic per year. The ÖBB railway network consists of approximately 3,600 kilometres of main railway lines and in the region of 2,200 kilometres supplementary network. At the moment, the maximum line speed is 200 kilometres per hour. This will increase to 250 km/h in the near future. The maximum axle loads are approximately 22.5 tons and the total length of our tracks is 10,500 kilometres. 7,100 kilometres of them are electrified and the network contains about 16,700 switches and crossing units.
TCDD is celebrating its 150th Foundation Anniversary this year. The history of Turkish railway commenced with the I·zmir – Aydin line, the foundation of which was laid on September 23 1856. After that foreign states, particularly England and Germany, arranged licenses for railway construction on the Ottoman lands.