Putting into action large-scale rail projects
26 September 2013 • Author(s): Jan Schönbeck, Director of Purchasing & Logistics, Trafikverket and Camilla Ahston, Procurement Strategist, Purchasing and Logistics, Trafikverket
The first railway in Sweden was built in 1856. Until the beginning of the 20th century, Sweden had a combination of both private and public railways. After the 1930s, the railways were nationalised with the establishment of Statens Järnväger (SJ) – Swedish Rail. In 1988, SJ was split into Banverket (for rail infrastructure) and SJ (for train operations). Since 2000, maintenance has been subject to competition, and in 2010, the Banverket Maintenance Division became a state-owned company called Infranord AB. Furthermore, in 2010, Banverket and Vägverket merged to become Trafikverket – the Swedish Transport Administration.
The Swedish railway system comprises 11,900km of railway lines – 90% of which are electrified and there are 11,400 sets of points and 560 railway stations.
There are only a limited number of railway contractors that are active on the Swedish market, one of which – Infranord – is the dominant player. The railways have a maintenance backlog and consequently there is no spare capacity, which makes it a vulnerable system.